The magnificent, labyrinthine, Unesco-listed Tabriz bazaar covers some 7 sq km, with 24 caravanserais (sets of rooms arrranged around a courtyard) and 22 impressive timches (domed halls). Construction began over a millennium ago, though much of the fine brick vaulting dates to the 15th century. Hidden behind innocuous shopfronts, it’s surprisingly easy to miss, but the open Ferdosi mall is a good entry point. Take a GPS waypoint below the tourist information office, then abandon yourself to the closest laneway.
There are several mozaffareih (carpet sections) according to knot size and type. The Amir bazaar, with gold and jewellery, is immediately behind the tourist-information office. The spice bazaar has a few shops selling herbal remedies, henna and natural perfumes. A couple of hat shops (in the Kolahdozan bazaar) sell traditional papakh (Azeri hats) made of tight-curled astrakhan wool. Other quarters specialise in leather, silver and copper, general household goods and fruit and vegetables.
Tabriz Bazaar complex is the largest roofed bazaar in Iran and the world. Being a city block too, the bazaar is the most important and the most perfect social organization of Iranian market.
The bazaar includes different commercial, religious, cultural, health, sports subsets and also was the residential location of merchants coming from other cities, and merchants’ houses close to the market; such architecture and design is considered a masterpiece in Iranian architecture.The names of different parts of bazaar were picks based on the profession of market traders and artisans, or the name of the market founder, the location market, the origin or religious of merchants or the size and shape of the site.
Tabriz Bazaar is composed of different categories: orders, corridors, sarai (halls), inn, caravanseri, head (four leads), square, bazaar, monument, mosque, baths, schools, Hussaynia, gymnasium, library, museum, icehouse, market’s bridge and etc.
Carvanserai’s Amir Dome is the market’s largest dome and Mozaffariyeh Carvanserai is the most beautiful part of it.